When should your child first see a dentist? Experts at the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) say the ideal time is six months after the first tooth erupts.
At this time, the dentist can provide or recommend information on baby bottle tooth decay, infant feeding practices, mouth cleaning, teething, pacifier habits, and finger-sucking habits.
If possible, schedule morning appointments, when young children are alert and fresh.
Prepare a preschooler or older child for the visit by giving him or her a general idea of what to expect. Explain why it is important to go to the dentist. Build excitement and understanding.
Discuss your questions and concerns with the dentist before the exam, the AGD says. Remember that your interpretations and expectations toward dental visits can be quite different from your child's. Be honest with your view of the dentist. If you have dental anxieties, be careful not to relate those fears or dislikes to the child. Parents need to provide moral support by staying calm while in the dental exam room. Children can pick up parents' anxieties and become anxious themselves.
At the first visit, provide the dentist with your child's complete medical history. For a restoration visit, such as getting a cavity filled, tell the dentist if your child exhibits stubborn, defiant, hysterical, or fearful traits in other life experiences.
Analyze your child's reactions. Many parents are able to anticipate their child's possible response to certain situations and should inform the dentist. Certain behavior traits may be linked to the age of your child:
10 to 24 months. Some securely attached children may experience developmental separation and become upset when taken from their parents for an exam.
2 to 3 years. A securely attached child may be able to cope with a brief separation from parents. In a 2-year-old, "no" may be a common response.
3 years. Three-year-olds should not be expected to accept separation from their parents for restoration treatment procedures, such as getting a cavity filled. This is because most 3-year-olds are not socially mature enough to separate from parents.
4 years. Most children should be able to sit separately from parents for exams and treatment procedures.
Most initial office visits are to help acquaint the child with the dentist. The first dental visit is recommended at 6 to 12 months of age, or after several baby teeth have erupted. The first visit usually lasts 30 to 45 minutes and may include the following, depending on the age: a thorough examination of the teeth, jaws, bite, gums, and oral tissues to monitor growth and development, and, if needed, a gentle cleaning, which includes polishing teeth and removing any plaque, tartar and stains. The dentist may demonstrate proper home cleaning, including flossing, and assess the need for fluoride. Because baby teeth fall out, X-rays aren’t usually recommended for diagnosing decay. X-rays are used to see if the root of a jammed baby tooth may be affecting an adult tooth. In general, it is best not to use X-rays in young children unless absolutely necessary.
Like adults, children should see the dentist every six months. Some dentists may schedule more frequent visits, every three months, to build comfort and confidence in the child, or to monitor a development problem.
Before teeth erupt, clean gums with a clean, damp cloth.
Brush teeth with a small, soft-bristled toothbrush. Introduce a pea-sized dab of fluoridated toothpaste after 2 years of age, once the child is old enough to spit out the toothpaste after brushing.
Prevent baby bottle tooth decay: Don't give children a bottle of milk, juice or sweetened liquid at bedtime or when put down to nap.
Limit the time your child has a bottle. Your child should empty a bottle in 5 to 6 minutes or less.
Help your child brush his or her own teeth until 6 years of age. Allow the child to watch you brush, and follow the same brushing pattern to minimize missed spots.
Avoid foods and treats that increase tooth decay: hard or sticky candies, fruit leather, and sweetened drinks and juice. Offer fruit rather than juice; the fiber in fruit tends to scrape the teeth clean, whereas juice just exposes the teeth to sugar.