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Lillian Su, MD

  • Lillian Su


Critical Care Medicine

Work and Education

Professional Education

Temple University School of Medicine Registrar, Philadelphia, PA, 5/18/2000


Cedars Sinai Medical Center Pediatric Residency Ended 2004, Los Angeles, CA, 06/30/2003


Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh Pediatric Critical Care Fellowships, Pittsburgh, PA, 6/30/2007

Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh Pediatric Critical Care Fellowships, Pittsburgh, PA, 6/30/2008

Board Certifications

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, American Board of Pediatrics

Pediatrics, American Board of Pediatrics

All Publications

Education and Training in Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care. Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies McBride, M. E., Su, L., Allan, C. K. 2018; 19 (6): 58586

View details for PubMedID 29863644

Novel, 3D Display of Heart Models in the Postoperative Care Setting Improves CICU Caregiver Confidence WORLD JOURNAL FOR PEDIATRIC AND CONGENITAL HEART SURGERY Olivieri, L. J., Zurakowski, D., Ramakrishnan, K., Su, L., Alfares, F. A., Irwin, M. R., Heichel, J., Krieger, A., Nath, D. S. 2018; 9 (2): 20613


Postoperative care delivered in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) relies on providers' understanding of patients' congenital heart defects (CHDs) and procedure performed. Novel, bedside use of virtual, three-dimensional (3D) heart models creates access to patients' CHD to improve understanding. This study evaluates the impact of patient-specific virtual 3D heart models on CICU provider attitudes and care delivery.Virtual 3D heart models were created from standard preoperative cardiac imaging of ten patients with CHD undergoing repair and displayed on a bedside tablet in the CICU. Providers completed a Likert questionnaire evaluating the models' value in understanding anatomy and improving care delivery. Responses were compared using two-tailed t test and Mann-Whitney U test and were also compared to previously collected CICU provider responses regarding use of printed 3D heart models.Fifty-three clinicians (19 physicians, 34 nurses/trainees) participated; 49 (92%) of 53 and 44 (83%) of 53 reported at least moderate to high satisfaction with the virtual 3D heart's ability to enhance understanding of anatomy and surgical repair, respectively. Seventy-one percent of participants felt strongly that virtual 3D models improved their ability to manage postoperative problems. The majority of both groups (63% physicians, 53% nurses) felt that virtual 3D heart models improved CICU handoffs. Virtual 3D heart models were as effective as printed models in improving understanding and care delivery, with a noted provider preference for printed 3D heart models.Virtual 3D heart models depicting patient-specific CHDs are perceived to improve understanding and postoperative care delivery in the CICU.

View details for DOI 10.1177/2150135117745005

View details for Web of Science ID 000429980300013

View details for PubMedID 29544410

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in congenital heart disease SEMINARS IN PERINATOLOGY Allen, K. Y., Allan, C. K., Su, L., McBride, M. E. 2018; 42 (2): 10410


This review article will discuss the indications for and outcomes of neonates with congenital heart disease who receive extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Most commonly, ECMO is used as a perioperative bridge to recovery or temporary support for those after cardiac arrest or near arrest in patients with congenital or acquired heart disease. What had historically been considered a contraindication to ECMO, is evolving and more of the sickest and most complicated babies are cared for on ECMO. Given that, it is imperative for aggressive survellience for long-term morbidity in survivors, particularly neurodevelopmental outcomes.

View details for PubMedID 29305226

Improving quality in measuring time to initiation of CPR during in-hospital resuscitation. Resuscitation Siems, A., Tomaino, E., Watson, A., Spaeder, M. C., Su, L. 2017; 118: 1520


Time from the onset of "low or no flow" indicators of cardiac failure to initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an important quality metric thought to improve the likelihood of survival and preservation of end organ function. We hypothesized that delays in initiation of chest compressions were under recognized during in-hospital resuscitation and aimed to develop a system which identifies the actual time of deterioration during cardiac events.Retrospective review on prospectively identified resuscitation records and monitor data were compared. Return of spontaneous circulation, survival, and changes in functional status of patients pre- and post-events with chest compressions were collected as outcome measures.Between October 2012 and April 2015, 59 events which met eligibility criteria occurred in either our pediatric cardiac or general pediatric intensive care units. The median time from event onset to initiation of chest compressions was 47s(s) (interquartile range (IQR) 28-80s) as assessed using monitor data, while the resuscitation record reported a median time of 0s (IQR 0-60s), reflecting the time from recognition to initiation of chest compressions. According to the resuscitation record, 81% vs. 63% of events achieved the quality standard of less than one minute depending on which review method was used (p=0.04).There is a significant difference between time of deterioration to initiation of chest compressions and the time of recognition to initiation of chest compressions. Resuscitation records should be modified to include more information about the actual timing of patient deterioration.

View details for PubMedID 28648809

Incorporating Three-dimensional Printing into a Simulation-based Congenital Heart Disease and Critical Care Training Curriculum for Resident Physicians CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE Costello, J. P., Olivieri, L. J., Su, L., Krieger, A., Alfares, F., Thabit, O., Marshall, M., Yoo, S., Kim, P. C., Jonas, R. A., Nath, D. S. 2015; 10 (2): 18590


Although simulation-based education is now commonly utilized in medicine, its use in the instruction of congenital heart disease remains limited. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether heart models created with three-dimensional printing technology can be effectively incorporated into a simulation-based congenital heart disease and critical care training curriculum for pediatric resident physicians.Utilizing heart models created with a three-dimensional printer, pediatric residents participated in a 60-minute simulation seminar with three consecutive components: (1) didactic instruction on ventricular septal defect anatomy; (2) didactic/simulation-based instruction on echocardiographic imaging of ventricular septal defects and anatomical teaching/operative simulation of ventricular septal defect repair; (3) simulation-based instruction on postoperative critical care management of ventricular septal defects.Academic, free-standing, children's hospital with quaternary care referrals.Twenty-three pediatric resident physicians.Subjective, Likert-type questionnaires assessing knowledge acquisition, knowledge reporting, and structural conceptualization of ventricular septal defects.Three-dimensional printing technology was successfully utilized to create heart models of five common ventricular septal defect subtypes. After using these models in a simulation-based curriculum, pediatric residents were found to have improvement in the areas of knowledge acquisition (P = .0082), knowledge reporting (P = .01), and structural conceptualization (P < .0001) of ventricular septal defects, as well as improvement in the ability to describe and manage postoperative complications in ventricular septal defect patients in the critical care setting.The utilization of three-dimensional printing in a simulation-based congenital heart disease and critical care training curriculum is feasible and improves pediatric resident physicians' understanding of a common congenital heart abnormality.

View details for DOI 10.1111/chd.12238

View details for Web of Science ID 000353692200021

View details for PubMedID 25385353