COVID-2019 Alert

The latest information about the 2019 Novel Coronavirus, including vaccine clinics for 12-17 year-olds.

La información más reciente sobre el nuevo Coronavirus de 2019, incluidas las clínicas de vacunación para jóvenes de 12 a 17 años.


Andrew Saunders, MD

  • Andrew Clayton Saunders

Work and Education

Professional Education

Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 10065, 6/1/2008


UCSF Pediatric Residency, San Francisco, CA, 6/30/2013


UCSF, San Francisco, CA, 6/30/2014

Board Certifications

Pediatrics, American Board of Pediatrics

All Publications

Diagnosis and Treatment of Tuberculosis Among Children at an HIV Care Program in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania PEDIATRIC INFECTIOUS DISEASE JOURNAL Adams, L. V., McQuillan, T., Naburi, H. E., Lyatuu, G., Ippolito, M. M., Saunders, A., Kiravu, A., Palumbo, P., von Reyn, C. F. 2014; 33 (12): 1234-1236


Diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis is challenging in children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We describe the clinical features, diagnostic testing results, tuberculosis and HIV treatment and clinical outcomes of 57 HIV-infected children diagnosed with tuberculosis at the DarDar Pediatric Program in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In this cohort, tuberculosis was common, microbiologic studies were frequently negative and mortality was high.

View details for DOI 10.1097/INF.0000000000000452

View details for Web of Science ID 000345454300009

View details for PubMedID 24945878

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4229430

Impaired intestinal iron absorption in Crohn's disease correlates with disease activity and markers of inflammation. Inflammatory bowel diseases Semrin, G. n., Fishman, D. S., Bousvaros, A. n., Zholudev, A. n., Saunders, A. C., Correia, C. E., Nemeth, E. n., Grand, R. J., Weinstein, D. A. 2006; 12 (12): 11016


Anemia in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) is a common problem of multifactorial origin, including blood loss, malabsorption of iron, and anemia of inflammation. Anemia of inflammation is caused by the effects of inflammatory cytokines [predominantly interleukin-6 (IL-6)] on iron transport in enterocytes and macrophages. We sought to elucidate alterations in iron absorption in pediatric patients with active and inactive CD.Nineteen subjects with CD (8 female, 11 male patients) were recruited between April 2003 and June 2004. After an overnight fast, serum iron and hemoglobin levels, serum markers of inflammation [IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate], and a urine sample for hepcidin assay were obtained at 8 am. Ferrous sulfate (1 mg/kg) was administered orally, followed by determination of serum iron concentrations hourly for 4 hours after the ingestion of iron. An area under the curve for iron absorption was calculated for each patient data set.There was a strong inverse correlation between the area under the curve and IL-6 (P = 0.002) and area under the curve and CRP levels (P = 0.04). Similarly, the difference between baseline and 2-hour serum iron level (Delta[Fe]2hr) correlated with IL-6 (P = 0.008) and CRP (P = 0.045). When cutoff values for IL-6 (>5 pg/mL) and CRP (>1.0 mg/dL) were used, urine hepcidin levels also positively correlated with IL-6 and CRP levels (P = 0.003 and 0.007, respectively).Subjects with active CD have impaired oral iron absorption and elevated IL-6 levels compared with subjects with inactive disease. These findings suggest that oral iron may be of limited benefit to these patients. Future study is needed to define the molecular basis for impaired iron absorption.

View details for DOI 10.1097/01.mib.0000235097.86360.04

View details for PubMedID 17119383

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC2788427

Hepatic glycogen synthase deficiency: an infrequently recognized cause of ketotic hypoglycemia. Molecular genetics and metabolism Weinstein, D. A., Correia, C. E., Saunders, A. C., Wolfsdorf, J. I. 2006; 87 (4): 28488


The glycogen storage diseases comprise several inherited diseases caused by abnormalities of enzymes that regulate the synthesis or degradation of glycogen. In contrast to the classic hepatic glycogen storage diseases that are characterized by fasting hypoglycemia and hepatomegaly, the liver is not enlarged in GSD0. Patients with GSD0 typically have fasting ketotic hypoglycemia without prominent muscle symptoms. Most children are cognitively and developmentally normal. Short stature and osteopenia are common features, but other long-term complications, common in other types of GSD, have not been reported in GSD0. Until recently, the definitive diagnosis of GSD0 depended on the demonstration of decreased hepatic glycogen on a liver biopsy. The need for an invasive procedure may be one reason that this condition has been infrequently diagnosed. Mutation analysis of the GYS2 gene (12p12.2) is a non-invasive method for making this diagnosis in patients suspected to have this disorder. This mini-review discusses the pathophysiology of this disorder, use of mutation analysis to diagnose GSD0, and the clinical characteristics of all reported cases of GSD0.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ymgme.2005.10.006

View details for PubMedID 16337419

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC1474809

Clinical evaluation of a portable lactate meter in type I glycogen storage disease JOURNAL OF INHERITED METABOLIC DISEASE Saunders, A. C., Feldman, H. A., Correia, C. E., Weinstein, D. A. 2005; 28 (5): 695-701


High lactate concentrations occur in type I glycogen storage disease (GSD) whenever glycogenolysis occurs. Not only does hyperlactataemia cause acute clinical deterioration, but chronic lactate elevations have also been associated with many of the long-term complications in GSD. A portable finger-stick blood lactate meter has recently been marketed as a training tool for high-performance athletes, but it has not been tested as a clinical diagnostic tool. This study was performed to assess the accuracy of the portable lactate meter in subjects with GSD I who are predisposed to high lactate concentrations. A total of 166 intravenous and 39 capillary samples from 13 subjects were tested concomitantly on three different lactate meters. The meter readings were compared with the lactate concentration determined by the laboratory gold-standard enzymatic colorimetric assay. Almost no inter-meter variability was found. The lactate meter values had outstanding correlation with the laboratory lactate determination, although the meters were found to run 0.5 mmol/L higher than the laboratory assay. The meter deviation was independent of lactate concentration. More variability was noted with finger-stick capillary lactate determinations, but monitoring of trends with capillary samples should prove valuable as a method for determining long-term control or acute deterioration. The portable lactate meter is a highly accurate tool for monitoring lactate concentrations, and should prove valuable for monitoring metabolic control in patients with GSD type I and other disorders associated with hyperlactataemia.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s10545-005-0090-1

View details for Web of Science ID 000231759900009

View details for PubMedID 16151900