Gait Analysis

We offer gait analysis testing for children and adults. This test analyzes how a patient walks and identifies any abnormal walking patterns.

A gait analysis has several components. Together they provide a comprehensive picture of the various factors contributing to the gait disorder.

Motion Gait Analysis

gait analysis testing

What to expect from a gait analysis test

Clinical Examination - The clinical exam is conducted by the physical therapist to determine the degree of strength, range of motion, tone, and selective motor control in the lower extremity.

Video Documentation - The patient is videotaped while walking. Video will also be taken of the patient’s standing posture and of the patient’s footwear in order to assess wear patterns.

3-D Gait Kinematics and Kinetics - Kinematics is joint motion. Kinetics are the forces that act across the joints. This test provides a 3-D picture of how the body moves while walking.

Reflective markers (small balls) are taped onto the legs, pelvis and trunk (shoulders and hips). Digital cameras record the markers movements to measure joint motion at the trunk, pelvis, hip, knee and ankle. Data of the forces that cross the joints, kinetics, further reveal contributing factors to abnormal movement.

Electromyography (EMG) – EMG provides information about how the muscles work while walking. We use the EMG data to see how each muscle functions and how it contributes to the gait abnormality. Pressure-sensitive foot switches tell us when and what part of the foot contacts the ground while walking and allow the EMG data to be correlated with the stance and swing phases of gait.

EMG provides information about how the muscles work while walking

Energy expenditure – Energy expenditure is the amount of energy a person uses. Individuals with movement disorders typically use more energy while walking than individuals without movement disorders. This leads to fatigue. The energy efficiency of walking is critical to understanding the severity of the gait disorder.

energy expenditure

Preparing for a gait analysis

Please be sure to bring all orthoses and ambulatory aids to your gait analysis. Orthoses may include ankle foot orthoses. Ambulatory aids include canes and walkers.
 
A typical gait analysis lasts approximately two hours.

Gait analysis report

After the gait analysis is completed, you and your health care provider will receive a:

  • Paper copy of the patient report, including:
    • Test results
    • Treatment recommendations
  • Please call the medical records department at (650) 497-8079 if you:
    • Have not received your report with clinical recommendations
    • Would like to send the report to another healthcare provider
    • Would like an electronic copy