Spasticity, or stiff muscles, occurs when muscles are permanently or semi-permanently contracted. It is a symptom of conditions that cause the brain and muscles to mix up their signals. Spasticity can be a result of many different causes, including but not limited to adrenoleukodystrophy, encephalitis, stroke, traumatic brain injury or other conditions that affect the brain. Spasticity also can occur in patients with cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis.

Stanford Children’s Health is proud to be home to the Spasticity Clinic. This multidisciplinary clinic provides your child with a care team consisting of some of the leading experts in orthopedic surgery, neurosurgeryneurology and more to work with you to develop and execute the most effective spasticity treatment plan available.

Depending on the cause of the spasticity, treatments can include oral medications, physical and occupational therapy, botulinum toxin injections or surgical options. In some cases, our doctors can perform selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR), which is a surgical procedure on the spine that can help reduce spasticity.