Camptodactyly and Clinodactyly (Bent Finger)

What is camptodactyly?

Patients with camptodactyly have a bent finger that they cannot straighten completely. This can be caused by several differences in the finger, including skin that is too tight, tendons or ligaments that are contracted, or muscles or bones that formed differently.

What is clinodactyly?

Patients with clinodactyly also have a bent or curved finger, usually because of an issue with the growth plate that changes the direction of bone growth. Clinodactyly can run in families and may also be associated with other syndromes, such as Down syndrome.

How are camptodactyly and clinodactyly diagnosed?

Your child’s doctor can diagnose camptodactyly or clinodactyly after hearing your child’s medical history and doing a physical examination of your child’s hand and fingers. X-rays also may help confirm the diagnosis.

How are camptodactyly and clinodactyly treated?

If the condition is mild (finger bend is less than 30 degrees), it is unlikely to cause pain or limit hand function. Splinting and occupational therapy can help. For patients with more severe bending or curving, especially young patients or patients in which the bend is getting worse, surgery can correct the bend and improve hand function.